Origin of the Rose
Roses have a long, storied history. Fossils show that wild roses existed more than 35 million years ago. That means that roses have been on earth longer than humans. The first trace of rose has been found in a fossil at Colorado’s Florissant Fossil Beds. Rose name is derived from Latin word rosa. The rose is undoubtedly the world’s favorite flower and is probably grown in every country that the climate allows. Today there are well over 30,000 varieties of roses worldwide and they have quite a complicated but interesting family tree. The red rose began its illustrious symbolic history in Greek and Roman iconography, where it was tied to Aphrodite, or Venus, the goddess of love. During the fifteenth century, the rose was used as a symbol for the factions fighting to control England. The white rose is the symbol of York and the red rose is the symbol of Lancaster. Perhaps there is no other flower that has been loved by people so much or has been as popular as the rose throughout history.
In seventeenth-century roses were in such high demand that royalty considered roses or rose water as legal tender, and they were often used as barter and for payments. In the 1800s. Napoleon’s wife Josephine established an extensive collection of roses at Chateau de Malmaison, an estate seven miles west of Paris. In 1824, he completed his watercolor collection “Les Rose,” which is still considered one of the finest records of botanical illustration. Cultivated roses were introduced into Europe from China. Rose is enjoying popularity in all over the world.
Roses in Modern Period
In modern era, hybrid tea rose was established in French breeder, Guillot in 1867.This variety was considered unique for a number of important horticultural reasons-
1) Hybrid tea rose possessed the general habit of a hybrid perpetual rose.
2) The elegantly shaped buds of hybrid tea rose.
3) The free-flowering character of a tea rose.
4) In contemporary class, there are floribundas, polyanthus, grandifloras, climbers, and shrubs types of hybrid tea rose.
By the late 20th century, more than 10,000 hybrid tea roses were bred with great success. Introduction of ‘La France’ heralded the era of modern roses.
The renewed interest in the garden rose came with the 19th-century Empress – Josephine, wife of Napoleon Bonaparte. This ambitious woman’s dream was to establish a rose garden in Malmaison containing a collection of all the roses of the world.